New Zealand Cartoon Archive was launched by New Zealand
Prime Minister Rt Hon. Jim Bolger on 1 April 1992.
Here he fills in the dots of a caricature of himself
at the opening ceremony.
2005 the New Zealand Cartoon Archive, that had been
run in partnership by the New Zealand Cartoon Archive Trust and
the Alexander Turnbull
Library, National Library of New Zealand, was fully absorbed
into the Alexander Turnbull Library.
Cartoon Archive grew out of
founder Ian F. Grant's frustration while researching his bestselling
1980 book The Unauthorized Version: A Cartoon History of
New Zealand. "I
was commissioned to write the book by an Australian publisher and," he
says, "after I agreed I went looking for the collections of
cartoons I'd assumed would be in our research libraries, as they
are in other countries." It was a profound shock - a foretaste
of thousands of hours of original research - to find nothing.
was after the book was updated and a second edition published in
1987 that it dawned on me that if anyone was going to establish
a cartoon archive in New Zealand it was going to be a researcher
and writer rather than a cartoonist, who is always preoccupied
with producing that day's cartoon," Ian Grant recalls. "And
I had the wholehearted support of my wife Diane who saw an opportunity
to clear boxes of cartoons from under nearly every bed in the house."
was similar enthusiasm from the then Minister of the Arts
and historian Michael Bassett who assisted Ian Grant's travel
to the United States
and Britain to look at similar archives. Back in New Zealand
Grant wrote a report that earned seed funding. He then went searching
for a home for the archive; the enthusiasm and support
chief librarian Jim Traue ensured that it became part,
in a singular way, of the Alexander
|Ian F. Grant, Chairman of the New Zealand Cartoon Archive
Trust, Mr Peter Cartwright, H.E. The Hon. Dame Silvia
Cartwright, Governor General of New Zealand, and Rachel
Macfarlane, Cartoon Archive Trust Administrator, at the
hand-over to the Alexander Turnbull Library at the National
Library and the launch of Between the Lines on 27 October
New Zealand Cartoon
Archive was launched by then Prime Minister Jim Bolger
on 1 April 1992. For the first thirteen years the Archive was
run, in partnership,
by the Cartoon Archive Trust and the Turnbull Library
which provides a safe, professional, accessible repository for
New Zealand Cartoon Archive Trust, with its
private sector trustees, raised funds to operate the
Archive and support exhibitions,
lectures and other activities to ensure the widespread
promotion of New Zealand cartoons. It
was a non-profit-making charitable
organisation that was supported by sponsorship, donations
and a membership. The Alexander Turnbull Library manages the
Together, the Trust and the Turnbull funded the systematic
indexing of a fast-growing collection of cartoon originals
and copies gathered
from many sources.
"The importance of cartoons is that they
capture the unofficial values and attitudes of the day," says
Ian Grant, former executive chairman of the New Zealand Cartoon
Archive Trust and now chairman of the Guardians of the New Zealand
Cartoon Archive. "Cartoons provide a street level view of
the world, not a high-rise bureaucratic perspective, or a corridors
of power slant, or even an ivory tower, academic assessment," he
says. In addition to the usefulness of cartoons to researchers
and publishers, he notes, the Archive is strongly aware of the
educational value of cartoons.
New Zealand Cartoon Archive has become New Zealand's principal
cartoon collection and research
institution. The collection includes the work of
over 60 New Zealand and expatriate New Zealand cartoonists and
over 25,000 cartoons.
These cartoons have been indexed and are available
on the National Library's TAPUHI internet system and over 1000
cartoons and caricatures
can actually be viewed on the library's Timeframes
website. The cartoons - originals and copies - have been gifted
to the Archive
by cartoonists and their relatives, collectors, politicians,
and organisations, and the Archive has received, by arrangement,
and some originals of the cartoons that appear in
the country's newspaper and periodical press.
opening the New Zealand Cartoon Archive exhibition "David
Low - Kiwi Cartoonist on Hitler's Blacklist" at
the National Library Gallery in November 1995,
the Duke of Edinburgh inspects a caricature by
Sir David Low of particular interest.
Cartoon Archive has organised
successful lecture tours by David Low's biographer,
Professor Colin Seymour-Ure, by New Zealand-raised Daily
Telegraph cartoonist Nicholas
Garland, and by Roger Law, creator of the British
satirical puppet series Spitting Image.
2001 the Cartoon Archive assisted L J.
Hooker to establish in New Zealand a national
schools' cartooning competition modelled on the successful competition
that the real
estate company has been running in Australia
a number of years. This introduced thousands of primary school
pupils to the principles
of cartooning and the creation of visual ideas.
June 2001 the Archive also organised and ran a Cartoonists'
the support of the major newspaper chains.
Most of the country's leading cartoonists attended, along with
Cartoon Archive had mounted thirteen
exhibitions and published five books by the end of 2005.
first touring exhibition,
A Bit of Cheek, The many faces of
toured New Zealand in 1992-1994. In 1994 it was followed
by The Daily Smile, Eric Heath
cartoons 1965-1993. David Low,
Kiwi Cartoonist on Hitler's Blacklist, which was launched by His Royal
Highness the Duke of Edinburgh
in November 1995, attracted an audience
at the National Library and was seen by 120,000 New
Zealanders on its national
tour. Guts and Glory, an exhibition
of rugby cartoons was opened by the Rt Hon. Sir Michael Hardie
Boys in June 1999
until July 2002. The Other Side Of
an exhibition that explores the historical, political,
economic, cultural and sporting
relationships between Australia and New
the century since the Federation of the Australian
colonies in 1901, ran at
the National Library Gallery from late
November 2001 to March 2002 and was later shown in Auckland
and in Canberra in 2003. An accompanying
book of the same name, The Other
Side Of The Ditch was reprinted within three months. In July 2003 Harpies & Heroines, a major
exhibition of cartoons on the changing roles of women in New Zealand
since they gained the vote in 1893, was opened at the National
Library Gallery and a book of the same name, Harpies & Heroines was published. The cartoons were compiled and annotated by Rachel
Macfarlane and Cerridwyn Young of the New Zealand Cartoon Archive.
The exhibition toured to selected New Zealand centres over the
period 2003 to 2005. In October 2003 the book Public
Lives, Premiers and Prime Minsters of
New Zealand, 1856-2003, written by Ian F.
Grant, was launched at Parliament by Rt Hon Jonathon Hunt, and
two former prime ministers, Rt Hon Jim Bolger and Rt Hon Geoffrey
small exhibition of Peter Bromhead’s work was shown
in the National Library (auditorium foyer) in 1999 and has been
followed in this venue by Fun & Games - New Zealand Cartoon
Perspectives on the Olympics 1952-2000 from August 2000 to July
2001, then 30 from 2000 from June 2001 to April 2002, then The
Line-Up, featuring the work of 36 cartoonists in the collection,
from April 2002 to October 2003, and then Public
Lives, an exhibition
of selected cartoons from the book.
Zealand Cartoon Archive Trustees in 1997.
From left: Mike Drogemuller (trustee), Tom Scott (trustee), Ian Grant
(chairperson of trustees), Archive patron Sir Michael Hardie Boys,
Lady Hardie Boys, Ian Fraser (trustee), Susan Foster (Cartoon Archive
manager/curator), and Mike Robson (trustee).
2002 saw The Famous Five – Manawatu’s cartoonists on Show, an exhibition
in produced in association with Te Manawa, at Te Manawa, Palmerston
North. In May 2004 Lodge Laughs
at Wellington, an exhibition of
cartoons by the late Wellington cartoonist, Nevile Lodge, complied
and annotated by staff of the Cartoon Archive, went on show at
the Wellington Museum of City and Sea. The book of the same title
Laughs at Wellington published by the Cartoon Archive was
launched at the same time.
2005 saw the wind-up of the New Zealand Cartoon Archive Trust
and the establishment of the Guardians
of the New Zealand Cartoon Archive
with Ian F. Grant as the chairperson, and Dr Bob Brockie, Mr
Rod Emmerson, Mr Clive Lind and Rachel Macfarlane
27 October 2005 at the hand-over ceremony for the New Zealand
Cartoon Archive Trust
at the Alexander Turnbull Library,
National Library, Wellington,
the Cartoon Archive’s
book Between the Lines: A
Cartoon Century of New Zealand
story, 1906-2005 by Ian F. Grant was launched.